Coronary angioplasty is now a common non-surgical procedure used to open blocked arteries with the help of angioplasty stents. The market for angioplasty stents has experienced rapid growth. The is especially after drug-eluting angioplasty stents were introduced. According to the cardiologists, an angioplasty procedure is safe and precise. It is most beneficial in heart attack and unstable angina patients.


Majority of the heart attack patients throughout the world undergo angioplasty, but doctors suggests all does not require to perform angioplasty procedure. The heart attack patients are classified into two categories as:

1. ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
A. Arteries (one or more) are 100% blocked
B. ECG indicates ST elevation myocardial infarction
C. Angioplasty must be done within 6-12 hours
D. Patients has 99% chances of surviving if an angioplasty procedure is applied within the first  six hours.
E. Almost 70% patients respond well to thrombolysis treatment in which clot-buster drugs are given

2. Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
A. Arteries (one or more) are not 100% blocked
B. Angioplasty procedure can be performed after 24 hours
C. Almost 75% patients respond to medication and don’t require angioplasty procedure
D. A patient should be considered for undergoing angioplasty procedure if his/her blood Troponin T and I tests are positive.

Chest pain because of small blockage in the arteries is common in the present days. According to the cardiologists, such patients should be recommended for only if angina pain persists despite medication

One Should Ask the Following Questions to the Cardiologist Before Undergoing an Angioplasty Procedure:

1. In case of a heart attack, check if it is ST or non-ST elevation MI.
2. Number of affected arteries
3. Which part of the heart is supplied by the diseased artery
4. Location of the block
5. Patient’s underlying medical complication
6. Discuss other alternative options before going in for an  angioplasty procedure.